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Oregano (Ocimum basilicum, var. thyrsiflora)

Oregano - Herb

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(Best months for growing Oregano in New Zealand - temperate regions)

P = Sow seed

  • Sow in garden, or start in seed trays. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 18°C and 25°C. (Show °F/in)
  • Space plants: 15 cm apart
  • Harvest in 6-8 weeks. When flowers appear.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Broccoli

Perennial growing to around 45 cm (17") high. Cut the stems back to the ground to encourage new growth.

There are two main varieties.

"Greek Oregano" is the type normally associated with Oregano flavor.

"Common Oregano" or Marjoram has a less pungent, sweeter taste and is more commonly grown.

For best flavour harvest in the morning just after the dew has lifted.

Easily propagated from root division. It can be hard to germinate seed. Can be grown from cuttings.

Oregano is an herb from the mint, or Lamiaceaefamily. People have used it for thousands of years to add flavor to dishes and to treat health conditions. It features in the Mediterranean diet.

The Greeks and Romans associated oregano with joy and happiness. The name comes from the Greek words “oros,” meaning mountain, and “ganos,” meaning joy.

There are different types of oregano. The most common type is Oregano vulgare, also known as Spanish thyme and wild marjoram.

Health and nutritional benefits

People use oregano in the diet as supplements and as an aromatic oil.

The antioxidants thymol, carvacrol, limonene, terpinene, ocimene, and caryophyllene give the herb its flavor and scent. They also contribute to the health benefits of oregano oil. Oregano provides other antioxidants when people consume it in the diet.

People around the Mediterranean region have used oregano for centuries in herbal medicine to treat many ailments, including:

Scientists need to do more research to confirm the benefits of using oregano, but there is some evidence that it could help:

Oregano and other herbs provide antioxidants. Dietary antioxidants help the body eliminate free radicals, which are toxic substances that result from natural processes and environmental stresses. A buildup of free radicals can trigger oxidative stress. Oxidative stress can lead to cell damage that may result in various diseases, including cancer and diabetes.

Learn more here about antioxidants.

Antibacterial properties

The main components of oregano essential oil are carvacrol and thymol. These may have antimicrobial properties.

In a 2019 laboratory study, carvacrol and thymol prevented various strains of Staphyloccus aureus (S. aureus) bacteria from developing in meat and dairy products, suggesting that it could help control bacterial growth in foods.

Amid growing concerns about diseases becoming resistant to antibioticsresearchers carried out lab tests to investigate the effects of oregano oil on various microbes that do not respond to other drugs.

The oil showed “significant antibacterial activity” against 11 such microbes. This suggests that substances in oregano could play a role in fighting diseases that no longer respond to antibiotics.

While these tests indicate that compounds in oregano may have antibacterial properties, it does not mean that eating oregano will prevent infections.

Vitamin C is an antioxidant that plays a key role in the immune system. Which foods contain vitamin C? Find out here.

Anti-inflammatory properties

According to one literature overview, the oils and constituents of oregano oil, such as thymol and rosmarinic acid, appear to have anti-inflammatory properties.

In animal studies, oregano extract has reduced inflammation that could lead to:

It is worth noting that the studies used concentrated extracts of oregano. This is not the same as humans eating oregano in the diet.

Rosemary is another herb that may have anti-inflammatory properties. Find out more.

Protecting against cancer

Some of the ingredients in oregano may have anticancer properties.

Scientists have found evidence that extracts may help prevent DNA damage in cells due to oxidative stress, radiation, and mitogens, a type of protein that can cause unwanted cell division.

Researchers have also found evidence that carvacrol and thymol may prevent melanoma cells from growing and skin cancer from spreading.

While eating oregano by itself is unlikely to prevent cancer, a varied, plant-based diet that is rich in antioxidants may help prevent cell changes that can lead to cancer.

In 2013, lab studies suggested that Origanum majorana could help slow or stop the progression of metastatic breast cancer.

How can diet affect the risk of cancer? Find out here.

Diabetes

Compounds in oregano may help manage type 2 diabetes. Authors of a 2016 rodent study concluded that Origanum extract may help:

The authors noted that some people already use oregano leaves and oil to manage high blood sugar levels.

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. Experts do not know what causes it, but oxidative stress may play a role.

In 2015, researchers found that an extract of oregano improved type 1 diabetes in mice. They suggested this could be due to oregano’s antioxidant properties, its effect on the immune system, and its ability to prevent cell death.

Which other herbs and spices may help with diabetes? Find out here.

Depression

In 2018, scientists looked at how treatment with oregano oil and other substances affected rats with depression due to chronic unpredictable stress.

After 14 days, stress-related behavior improved in rats that received the oregano treatment. The study authors concluded that oregano might relieve stress-related behavior.

Can other herbs help with depression? Find out here.

Other possible health benefits

According to the National Library of Medicine, people take oregano products by mouth for:

People apply oregano oil to the skin for:

There is not enough evidence to support the medicinal use of oregano as a dietary herb, supplement, or oil in most of these cases.

However, it is unlikely to cause harm in most people as long as people do not consume too much oregano oil and ensure that any topical applications use a diluted form of the oil.

Nutrition

There are many types of oregano, and the antioxidant and nutrient content can vary widely.

The table below shows some of the nutrients in one teaspoon (tsp), or 1 gram (g) of dried oregano leaves.

It also shows how much an adult needs of each nutrient, according to the 2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Requirements vary according to the individual’s sex and age.

Nutrient

Amount

Daily adult requirement

Energy (calories)

2.7

1,800–3,000

Carbohydrate (g)

0.7

130

Fiber (g)

0.4

25.2–33.6

Calcium (millgrams [mg])

16.0

1,000–1,200

Phosphorus (mg)

1.5

700

Potassium (mg)

12.6

4,700

Folate (mcg, DFE)

2.4

400

Examples of antioxidants in the oregano herb include tryptophan, lysine, valine, arginine, vitamin C, vitamin A, and vitamin E (tocopherol).

Get some tips on other antioxidant-rich foods.

If you are going to use Oregano to treat an existing health condition please consult with your healthcare provider first.

 

Oregano (Ocimum basilicum, var. thyrsiflora)